Overseas Social Practice | UK Sustainable Built Environment Summer Social Practice Team - "Travel" Culture （Two）
Enjoy English manor culture
Different from the luxury of the Romans’ and the romance of the French’s, most of the British manor houses are located in the countryside away from the hustle and bustle, surrounded by large green meadows and exquisite garden buildings, which are breathtaking. In the British mind, the soul of England is in the countryside. The English countryside is a landscape of blue skies, white clouds, golden sunshine, and baroque and gothic buildings reflected in a clear lake. As a typical representative of British culture, manor is the most beautiful scenery in rural landscape and the "soul" of Britain.
Blenheim palace, an ancient and vast private estate:
Blenheim palace, also known as Churchill hall, is the duke of Marlborough's historic residence and the birthplace of Winston Churchill. It is the only non-religious and non-royal building in Britain with the of "palace", and it is also a classic work of British gardens. Built by John van buhler, the palace is a remarkable blend of pastoral landscapes, gardens and courtyards.
Entering the gate of the manor, we were shocked by the magnificent and luxurious buildings in front of us. The first thing we saw was a bell tower with an ancient history and many exquisite murals in the building. Later, we visited the Churchill family palace, followed by the famous designer design hall, living room, luxurious reception room, long library, family chapel, palace displays other countries to give gifts and the portrait painted by famous artists, all contains rich historical and cultural connotation.
In the courtyard of Blenheim palace, there are a lot of statues erected, and everywhere there is a dignified look of the royal and noble courtyard. Whether from mural carve or on the table of various luxury silver and porcelain tableware, attention to detail, silent scream past glory, shuttle in the palace, more than ten meters high ceiling and a bright color, fine painters murals, painted with the duke of Marlborough I was the scene of war, the great crystal droplight glittering, resplendent and magnificent decorations, dark brown and dark red furniture lets a person up again.
On the back of the main building, there is a beautifully designed back garden, with sculptures of various geometric shapes and beautifully designed fountains. A clear lake next door to the back garden, on which the ducks were playing and foraging, added a touch of life to the farm. Walk along the lake and finally see the statue of Winston Churchill and the rose garden.
Although we have only visited the tip of the iceberg of Churchill manor, it's enough to feel its spectacularity, and to see the charm and luxury of the whole Churchill manor.
The most beautiful and luxurious manor -- Darcy Manor:
达西庄园，一座极富奢华气息的巴洛克式建筑，辉煌而优雅。因为《傲慢与偏见》而被人们所熟知的达西庄园又被称为查茨沃斯庄园（Chatsworth house），它是英国颇负盛名的建筑，有“山中皇宫”之称，是英国文化遗产的一个重要部分。它是世袭德文郡公爵（Dukes of Devonshire）的豪宅，位于英格兰的北部峰区国家公园内，是峰区公园一个最有名的景点之一。
Darcy Manor, a baroque building with a luxurious atmosphere, is splendid and elegant. Known for "pride and prejudice", Darcy Manor is also known as Chatsworth house, which is a prestigious building in Britain, known as "palace in the mountains", and is an important part of British cultural heritage. The estate of the hereditary Dukes of Devonshire, in the north of England's peak national park, is one of the park's most famous attractions.
The manor was built in 1552. During the period of more than 400 years from the 15th century to the 19th century, Chatsworth manor became one of the most beautiful estates in Britain after the careful design and construction of many famous horticulturists. Designed by landscape genius Lanos Brown, after 16 generations of descendants of the renovation, the interior style is magnificent. The manor collects famous paintings in the collection of all stripes, including a giant painting by 17th-century Italian painters and French painters, sculpture and other works of art, including the Greek and Roman statues. There are still a lot of Chinese porcelain. The splendid banquet hall was queen Victoria's first adult dinner site, glittering dazzling.
Chatsworth house integrates the styles and characteristics of different eras in the past six centuries. Its main building is a palace of baroque style. Baroque art takes on luxurious characteristics, which has both religious characteristics and hedonistic colors. It is a kind of passionate art, which breaks the tranquility and harmony of reason and has strong romantic colors. During the visit, we could easily find that a large amount of precious materials are used in the construction of the building, which makes the whole building full of luxurious atmosphere. Meanwhile, the main building forms a subtle relationship with its back garden, which is the collision of natural pastoral atmosphere and splendid luxury atmosphere.
查茨沃斯庄园主楼有30多个房间，另外也有多个厅室及走廊，我们所能够参观的厅室和走廊都满满的摆放着卡文迪许家族历代的收藏品，包括其收藏的矿石，油画，素描，雕塑等艺术珍馐。令人震撼的是，在其建筑内部许多看似是“雕塑”的壁画，全部是有画师通过素描绘画而成，其中最为著名的当属在音乐大厅内部的一扇虚掩着的大门内，悬挂着的一把“小提琴”，这把小提琴并非真实存在，它是由当时的画师Jan Van der Vaardt亲手画上去的，至今已有300多年的历史。
There are more than 30 rooms in the main building of Chatsworth house, as well as several halls and corridors. The halls and corridors we can visit are full of the collections of cavendish family, including his collection of minerals, paintings, drawings, sculptures and other art treasures. What's stunning is that murals in many of the building interior appear to be sculpture, all sketched by painters. Among which the most notably is the violin hung in the inside of the music hall inside the door left unlocked door. It is not real, but was hand painted by the painter Jan Van der Vaardt, which has been 300 years of history.
As we walked to the back garden, the farm, pasture, lake, river and woods in the distance gradually came into sight. In the sun, flocks of cattle and sheep embellished large green velvety pastures. The clear river Devonte wound its way through the green meadows. It was so quiet that you could hear the trees swaying and singing in the autumn wind. In the back garden of the manor, rockery, stone sculpture, fountain, green trees, lawns, streams and splashing ducks can be seen everywhere. Behind the rockery in the back garden, there is a fence maze made of artificial pruning.
Walking on the smooth marble floor of the mansion, I looked at the idle sheep on the green lawn outside the palace and the dark green forest in the distance. The light and shadow were interlocked. The wind from the forest through, across the plain, with the breath of grass, blowing in the face, as if to tell us the story of the mansion back for hundreds of years.
Come to Britain personally, just know that the manor like Alice's wonderland. The solemn atmosphere left by thousand of years edifies us. Whether the classic baroque and gothic architecture, or quiet and elegant rural atmosphere, are unforgettable. We walked on the soft green grass and "swam" in the fields of the estate. In the pleasant walk, we understood the thick culture.